Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into the energy needed for daily life. The cause of diabetes continues to be a mystery, although both genetics and environmental factors such as obesity and lack of exercise appear to play roles. There are 30 million children and adults in the United States who have diabetes. While an estimated 14.6 million have been diagnosed with diabetes, unfortunately, many are unaware that they have the disease.
In order to determine whether or not a patient has pre-diabetes health care providers conduct a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test (FPG) or an Oran Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). Either test can be used to diagnose pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Diabetes neuropathy is a common concern for people living with diabetes. Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage that occurs in people with diabetes. People with this can have numbness, tingling, or pain in different parts of their body. most often, the nerves and skin of the feet are affected, but areas of skin, blood vessels, and the heart, bowel, or bladder can be effected.
Diabetic neuropathy can be caused by blood sugar levels that are too high, because this damages blood vessels and nerves. It can be prevented by treating the patients diabetes. To do so a patient should:
To prevent foot problems from diabetic neuropathy patients with diabetes should check their feet and shoes often for any changes. They should take good care of their feet by washing, moisturizing, keeping toenails trimmed and wearing cotton socks. They should choose shoes carefully, and break in new shoes slowly. Finally, they should avoid things that are bad for your feet such as walking barefoot, or wearing socks with elastic band at the top.
Hypertension is a condition where the blood pressure is constantly higher than normal. This poses a serious health risk because it forces the heart to work extra hard. The effects of hypertension include strokes and heart attacks.
Hypertension is due to various contributing factors such as; smoking, a diet rich in fat and cholesterol, and stress. High blood pressure can be controlled through lifestyle changes. The key to controlling high blood pressure is to start with one day at a time. Ask your doctor what you should change first, and remember that lifestyle changes will overlap. A hypertension diet cuts out lots of fat and salt, which leads to weight loss. Weight loss leads to more energy, which makes it easier to exercise, making it easier to lose weight.
Osteoporosis is a debilitating disease that can be prevented and treated. It is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If no prevented of if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones or fractures, occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist.
The key to preventing osteoporosis is building strong bones. Especially before age 30, this can be the best defense against developing osteoporosis and a healthy lifestyle can be critically important for keeping bones strong.
Five steps to Bone Health and Osteoporosis Prevention
A Bone Mineral Density (BMD) test is the only way to diagnose osteoporosis and determine your risk for future fractures. A BMD measures the density of your bones and is necessary to determine whether you need medication to help maintain your bone mass, prevent further bone loss and reduce fracture risk. A BMD test is accurate, painless, and noninvasive.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a long-term lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. The disease affects millions of Americans and is the third leading cause of disease-related death in the U.S.
Over time, exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The main cause of COPD is smoking, but nonsmokers can get COPD too. When a cigarette burns, it creates more than 7,000 chemicals, many of which are harmful. The toxins in cigarette smoke weaken your lungs. defense against infections, narrow air passages, cause swelling in air tubes and destroy air sacs - all contributing factors for COPD.
What you breathe every day at work, home and outside can play a role in developing COPD. Long-term exposure to air pollution, secondhand smoke and dust, fumes and chemicals can cause COPD.
A variety of medicines are used to treat COPD and there is no "best" medicine for all people. Each person's COPD is different and your doctor and healthcare team will work with you to set up the beast plan to address you symptoms and needs. By taking the right medicine at the right time, you can: